Running Head: Case Scenario 1
Case Scenario 2
Cellulitis is a very common and serious bacterial skin infection. In most cases, the infection appears as a swollen area which is red on the skin and which feels tender and hot. It starts as a small area which becomes red and has pain on the skin and can be a result of many factors or conditions or an injury of the tissue. The source of injury can either be exogenous or endogenous. Some of the examples of exogenous injuries are surgery, trauma, burns and skin injury from chemicals. On the other hand, endogenous injuries can be as a result of tissue ischemia such as myocardial infection or pulmonary embolism (Caplan, 2016). Inflammation may be due to sprain injuries of joints and also may be due to sterile surgical infections. Other disease processes such as diabetes may predispose a person to infections and inflammations. Thrombophlebitis and blisters formation can also result in inflammation.
In this case, Ms. G has cellulitis on her lower leg which causes pain and has led to the development of chilling. Her temperature is high, and the elevated blood cells mean there is a high production of fight inflammation. All the signs and symptoms show inflammation infection, and due to this factor I would recommend continues treatment and also because Ms. G has diabetes, this would also be a reason to put her on antibiotics because diabetes predisposes her to infection. The muscles that to be affected are the G gastrocnemius and Soleus group of muscles.
The significance of the subjective data provided with regard to follow –up diagnostic/laboratory testing, education and future preventive care is that she lives alone so care may be compromised as there is no caretaker and the fact that she has no help in preparation of meals may impede healing as diet especially high protein is essential for body cell repair and growth. Ms. G also has limited mobility and has been in bed for three days this would make her condition worse as she may also develop deep venous thrombosis because she is not ambulating (Caplan, 2016).
The factors present in delaying wound healing are diabetes condition. Also, the use of heating pads is not the best form of treatment and not having a caretaker or helper may be a problem to have any meals prepared and also delay in seeking treatment may delay the healing. The precautions that are required to prevent wound healing are seeking medical attention and not using heating pads, early, and appropriate treatment with antibiotics that will be effective in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus and a well-balanced diet will be important.
Caplan, L. R. (Ed.). (2016). Caplan’s stroke. Cambridge University Press.