Discussion 9 and Assignment: Leadership and Organizatinal

Part 1: Post a Response

Organizations from time to time must make hard decisions (expand, layoff employees or close a facility). As a manager you will have to use work experiences, advice from supervisors and the organizational culture to support your decision. Organizational culture is the sum of the values and beliefs shared among employees.

Suppose you are a manager who is faced with having to reduce headcount (layoff one of your two employees) in your unit. Sales within the company have declined due to the downward spiral of the economy each department within the organization is faced with making the same decision. Fortunately, you only have to cut one job; others are reducing more.

Mary is in her mid-20s, single, college graduate, she is very hard working and was in the top 10% of the performance ratings this year, she constantly volunteers to travel, work weekends and evenings. However, she supports political causes that could be viewed as contrary to the goals of the company.

Alice is in her mid-40s, has two young children, her husband is a doctor, her performance is good, and she has above average performance reviews. However, she has limited availability on weekends and limitations onovernight travel due to her volunteer work with local charities.

· As a manager who would you select to layoff and why?

· What other factors can be used to decide who gets laid off in organizations?

· How should an organization choose between a decision that is legal and in the best financial interests of the organization, but which could be viewed as unethical?

**Please try to look at 2 Post as below for use references**

Part 2: Respond to a Peer

Read a post by one of your peers and respond, making sure to extend the conversation by asking questions, offering rich ideas, or sharing personal connections.

Post 1

Suppose you are a manager who is faced with having to reduce headcount (layoff one of your two employees) in your unit. Sales within the company have declined due to the downward spiral of the economy each department within the organization is faced with making the same decision. Fortunately, you only have to cut one job; others are reducing more.

Mary is in her mid-20s, single, college graduate, she is very hard working and was in the top 10% of the performance ratings this year, she constantly volunteers to travel, work weekends and evenings. However, she supports political causes that could be viewed as contrary to the goals of the company.

Alice is in her mid-40s, has two young children, her husband is a doctor, her performance is good, and she has above average performance reviews. However, she has limited availability on weekends and limitations on overnight travel due to her volunteer work with local charities.

· As a manager who would you select to layoff and why?

· What other factors can be used to decide who gets laid off in organizations?

· How should an organization choose between a decision that is legal and in the best financial interests of the organization, but which could be viewed as unethical?

After careful consideration, I would have to choose Alice. The factors that contributed toward my decision were;

Her unavailability to travel, weekend limitations, overnight travels being impossible due to various other commitments. As oppose to Marys’ open availability which can be spread around throughout multiple departments within the organization and assists in the cut back on cost of wages due to decline of sales.

Her performance was above average, as oppose to Marys’ scoring in the top 10% range.

Although Alice supports political views that are contrary to the organization, her commitment to the organization can be an asset in promotion of sales to college students and other colleges when shared on her use of traveling position. Once the increase of sales picks up, other local college peers may apply as well. This also can change and encourage a positive reflection on thepolitical views in support of the organization.

 

When reviewing the reasons behind choosing the appropriate employee to layoff, you must be honest in all factors of measuring what is best for the organization at a time that can financially do more harm than good. For example, keeping Mary would only match the issue at hand which was a decline in sales because of the economy. Factors like these has been known to change. If each department is cutting back, which in turn will open all departments in need of someone who is flexible, reliable, optimistic and punctual and can work per diem if necessary it becomes a win for win situation. In turn being honest as to why Marys’ unavailability will only hinder the organization, it should be more than ethical. Honesty is the best policy in the beginning and the end.

Post 2

· As a manager who would you select to layoff and why?

This is quite a dilemma, since some factors are supposed to be unknown or not a decision factor in hiring, firing or keeping someone on staff. The issue is that we do know all these factors about both employees. They both have above average performance reviews with Mary in the top ten percent. While her political views should not be a factor, what could be a factor is if she discusses those views at work or works on a political campaign that may get her noticed or possibly be thought as representing the company, not just here own interest. This is really similar to the local charities that Alice supports. Bottom line is that those must be done on their own time and not while wearing company logos or suggesting any support by the company. The one thing not mentioned here is how long has each one been with the company. Since they both are above average, I would say that Mary would have a better chance of getting a job, and would give her an excellent reference. While age should not be a factor, I would assume that Alice has been with the company longer and would have a more difficult time finding another job. For these reasons, I would let Mary go and keep Alice.

·   What other factors can be used to decide who gets laid off in organizations?

Many times companies use a point system. Points can be assessed for time with company, current grade/position, time at that position and appraisal rating. This gives them a score for each employee to use if a layoff is needed. They can also use these scores to assess personnel for promotions. This better allows managers to make a non-emotional decision that can be backed up with a company policy and process. The government uses this type of process for layoffs and promotions. They also include points for formal education, job specific certifications, and particle experience. These help score individuals evenly and reduce legal ramifications if someone feels like they were not chosen for personal reasons.

·  How should an organization choose between a decision that is legal and in the best financial interests of the organization, but which could be viewed as unethical?

This is a difficult question for me. Some of the laws today were made to correct unjust hiring and firing due to race, gender or age. While I agree with these laws and believe everyone should have an equal and fair chance at a job; I have seen firsthand how these laws are manipulated and misused. For a business to be fully successful, you should be able to hire the best person for the job. With that being said, the business must also be able to prove that the decision was done ethically and within the bounds of the law. What a business can’t do is: hire illegal immigrants and pay them off the books and say that it is in the best interest financially for the business. This clearly breaks the law, and is considered unethical. Just because something can save a company money, doesn’t mean it should be or is the right thing to do. Buying counterfeit parts and selling them as OEM is a huge cost savings to a business but is also illegal and unethical. Working in the aircraft industry, we see this a lot and spend thousands of dollars and hundreds of man-hours ensuring we have correct and safe parts for aircraft and engines. No amount of money can make up for loss of human life, so a business must work within the established laws and make ethical decisions.