Globalization is already a familiar term for many people. But for the people of the 1990s, globalization is still a very new word. Yamashita’s novel Through the Arc of the Rain Forest describes how Globalization effect to Brazil matacão. In the description of Yamashita, globalization has brought people from all over the world to Brazil. However, what brought to Brazil is the looting of Brazilian resources by various countries. Due to the massive exploitation of Brazilian resources, its resources have become poor. Coupled with political corruption, many people live a life of poverty. As Mané stumbled upon a magical feather, Matacao became very popular and prosperous under commercial hype. a lot of people come here to pilgrimage. However, human greed drives people to plunder the environment. People neglect the destruction of the environment for development. When people’s damage to the environment reaches a certain level, all the prosperity is turned into nothing. Yamashita’s novel reflects the contradiction between protecting the environment and urban development in the process of globalization. It also reflects that in real life the destruction of the environment which is by the greed of human will eventually be fed back to human themselves.
The novel shows how greed drives people to create value by unscrupulous means. for example, it shows that how faith is commercialized. The original pigeon is a symbol of peace. But as Batista and Tania Aparecida developed their business to Djapan Pigeons Incorporated, their pigeons continued to deliver spiritual messages and were considered profitable commercial products.
In addition to the greed of human, the novel also reflects the criticism of anthropocentrism. In the era of anthropocentrism, everything is centered on human beings and other species in nature can only be used. That’s why people neglect the destruction of the environment for development.
This novel also reflects the disasters brought by globalization to developing countries. Developing countries do not consider long-term development for short-term interests. They can only rely on their resources to exchange wealth, or to produce products under the circumstances of environmental destruction.