Running head: HEALTH SECTOR 1
HEALTH SECTOR 5
Social, technological and demographic changes are shaping the national, state and local economy. As well, it has created new challenges for the government at all levels. The aging society combined with new healthcare technologies has been driving healthcare costs to ever higher levels. Despite the fact that 20% of the total budget was used to finance healthcare initiatives in 2017, there is a need to occasion policy changes and as well increase funding for the healthcare services.
In the subsequent years, state and local budgets had been projected to have been increasingly dominated recurrent expenditures and healthcare burden due to increased disease burden. This has significantly squeezed the fiscal capacity required to address health education infrastructure and other emerging demands in the sector. It is important to underscore the fact that local and state government revenue systems have now been confronted with new challenges from a more technocratic and globalized economy with more mobile commerce sources and income that eludes the grasp of taxing authorities at the local and state as well as national levels of the government (Over, 2018).
In the health sector, fiscal constraints and limits have translated into downsized public expectations. The public has shown increased confidence in the government to solve a wide range of private and public problems. This has prompted growth in complexity, size and number of government initiatives and programs. Of mportance to note is that more recently, the major policy responses and the corresponding public problems have become so overwhelmingly intergovernmental in nature. Specifically, the nature of resources and public challenges needed to address some of the biggest challenges in the healthcare are not preserve of a single government program and the current constrained healthcare budget. This is a clear indication that the health problems and the emerging solutions are widely distributed throughout the intergovernmental system.
Based on the information of the fiscal and programmatic fortunes of the healthcare industry, its success has become so independent and intertwined than any other time before. Additional fiscal initiatives and funding have become key in the success of health sector especially in the implementation of the concept of evidence-based practice. From the state and local program priorities, the weight that that the health sector carries as far as economic development is concerned cannot be ignored.
In the past times, slow improvements in the basic indicators of child and maternal mortality as well as a double-burden of both communicable and non-communicable diseases, highly commercialized private sector health services and high-out of pocket expenditure presents new challenges that have contributed to the contemporary healthcare crisis in the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The proposal for the increase of healthcare funding and allocation has been confronted with increased resistance from the legislators basically due to competing political interests, lack of good will, negligence and a lack of understanding of the fundamental problems that affect the low class and underserved populations (Over, 2018). The fact that the recent medical errors and deaths have been attributed to systematic failures and lack of an appropriate infrastructure to facilitate the delivery of healthcare services has presented new issues in the healthcare arena. This is a matter that must be looked into by the government devoid of biases and political judgment to solve some of the overarching problems in the healthcare sector.
A clear indication of the urgent need of increased funding is the augmenting deaths of children in state hospitals. The primary causes of these issues include systematic errors for instance as a result of disrupted oxygen supply, the cases of negligence and excessive billing are some of the recent unfoldings in state hospitals. These are some of the issues that must be resolved with urgency before the threatening economic collapse knocks. The state and federal government that are the key sources of funding in the health sector must understand that the under-regulated private is not sufficient to address the health care issues affecting the people today.
With the above understanding of some of the issues undermining the delivery of quality and timely care in the state hospitals, there are alternative approaches that should be implemented. To start with, the complexities evident in ensuring an inclusive and fair system of medical examination will make sure that the medics are acquainted with the requisite knowledge and competencies sufficient enough to handle the critical elements of evidence-based practice. One of the key things to note is that medical errors have been noted to among the most serious problems in the healthcare industry occasioned by acute shortage of staff, lack of incentives for instance further training and education and more importantly insufficient equipment to handle these training sessions (Over, 2018). Increased funding will make sure that this issue has been addressed and given the necessary attention it deserves in order to resolve the widespread problems in the health sector.
The second approach to eradicate the burden of child mortality and unwarranted deaths due to medical errors is ensuring technology is embedded in the healthcare system. The rapid technological development and its impact in the healthcare arena cannot be overlooked. One of the ways to mitigate errors in the healthcare arena that have become so widespread is the use of technology in the admission and tracking of the progress of patients through different stages of the treatment process. For instance, a mistake made during the admission process is further carried forward to the treatment stage. The mistake might not be made in the admission stage but also in the subsequent stages that involves assessment of the patients, diagnosis, treatment and prescription.
The basic defense that has seen a vast majority of the proposals for increased funding despised, bounce and aborted altogether is the factor of limited resources and the current constraints in the state budget. However, one of the key things that must be noted and emphasized is that a sick population means lost productivity, economic downturn and eventually a collapse of the functional elements that ensures efficient running of private and government organizations. There could be no youthful population in the midst of the escalating child deaths and the ever-appreciating loss of lives due to non-communicable diseases such as obesity, tuberculosis, diabetes and cardiovascular infections among others.
Implementing the proposed alternatives could be presumed to be a heavy burden for the government to bear. However, they should be viewed in the lens of the sustainability and long-term stability of the local, state and national economy. The current challenge in the healthcare demonstrates the urgent need for solutions before the situation worsens further. The central problem of healthcare that has hampered the implementation of the proposed alternatives is low levels of public funding. This has resulted to lack of good quality healthcare and poor access to health that must be resolved to sanitize and make the health services delivery model more efficient.
Over, A. M. (2018). Economics for health sector analysis: Concepts and cases. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.