Running head: HISTORY 102 Q&A 1




1. What does Frethorne describe as diet?

Frethorne describes the diet as comprising of peas and loblollies, water gruel as well as a mouthful of bread and beef.

2. Who is the “enemy” that Frethorne says he lives in fear of?

The enemy are the plantation owners who would later organize a military offensive to push the English back into the sea; the Indians also qualified as the enemy because they perpetrated acts of aggression from time to time (Dahlberg, 2012).

3. What happened to Frethorne’s cloak?

His cloak was stolen by a fellow indentured servant. The suspect had been seen having bread and butter out of the ship. Frethorne suspects that he had traded his cloak for bread and butter (Dahlberg, 2012).

4. What is the name of the couple that took pity on Frethorne?

Nathaniel Rich; he copied Frethorne letters for distribution to the members of Virginia county to highlight the plight of Frethorne.

5. What does Frethorne ask his parents to send to him?

He asks his father to send him supplies; according to him, they were deprived of food and he believed that sugars and strong waters would help improve his situation.


1. What is Bacon’s first charge?

Increasing taxes and the raising the revenue pool from where the ruling class would draw funds for the benefit of self as opposed to furthering the public interests (Bacon, 2017).

2. Explain Bacon’s fourth charge.

Playing favoritism; the Indians were accorded special privileges that other loyal subjects were denied. The charge also included selective application of justice where the Indians transgression against other groups would go unpunished.

3. What is Bacon saying by his signature on the Declaration? 

Baron’s declaration ended William Berkley’s authority; he also directed that the traitors were to be ceased and punished when found (Bacon, 2017).


1. What does Lawson see the Sewee Indians doing to the Cane Swamps?

Lawson saw Sewee Indians firing the Canes Swamps to drive out wild animals. The actions led to the killing of bear, deer, turkeys among other animals.

2. Why, Lawson tells us, are the Sewee a much smaller nation in 1709 than they had been previously?

These Sewee’s have been formerly a large Nation, but the English had since settled on their land causing strains in resources. Also, they battled an array of diseases such as Small-Pox that kept their population in check (A. L., 1966).

3. What English beverage do the Indians particularly enjoy?

Rum rum, a liquor that liked so much that they would trade their most valuable assets for.

4. Why did the Indians seek to build a fleet of canoes and sail to England?

To aid their journey for the purposes of trade and adventure.


1. What is the state of property holding in Carolina, Georgia?

Plantation owners had the liberty to acquire and own up to 500-acre piece of land. The industrious inhabitants, instead of getting 50, easily receive I00, 200, to 500.

2. What restrictions does Carolina, Georgia have on slave holding at the time of Bolzius’ pamphlet?

On a plantation, a property owner would have 7 men, 3 women, and 1 boy of about 15 years to take care of the cattle and fowl.

3. What food is available in Carolina, Georgia (what do people eat)?

A variety of food existed in Carolina and Georgia; they included grains, such as wheat, rye, barley, oats, peas, garden crops, herbs, cabbage, lettuce, yellow carrots, spinach, red beets, onions, apple, pear trees, quince, pomegranates, wild plums, wild cherries, white and black mulberry trees, figs, sugar melons, cucumbers, appetizing pumpkins, green leaves, parsley, cress. They also ate meat from domesticated and wild animals.

4. How dangerous does Bolzius view the Indians?

The Indians were viewed as dangerous; in fact, a fortress occupied by soldiers was created to keep the Indians in check.

5. How costly does Bolzius determine owning slaves?

A Negro man costs between (thirty and forty pounds, a price for which newly arrived Negroes also have recently been sold. A good Negro woman is not bought under thirty pounds.

6. How does one clear land for a field in Carolina, Georgia?

People identified virgin land populated by trees and weeds; the trees would then be cut down and the land prepared for cultivation.

7. Does Bolzius think that colonial government is despotic?

Yes, Bolzius that the government was despotic; decrying public policy that allowed the ownership of slaves and the consequent use of slave labor on the farms was a testament of his dissatisfaction with the government policy on slave ownership.

8. How much rice can one slave cultivate, according to Bolzius?

New land 5 acres in one ear, old & grassy land/field, not more than 3 acres


1. Why, according to Whitefield, does God have a “quarrel” with the people of the southern colonies? (pg. 13)

Whitefield opined that God had a quarrel with the people of the southern colonies because of the horrifying levels of experiences levels of abuses and violence they had subjected the slaves to; such kind of violence dwarfed other transgressions that slaves had experienced elsewhere.

2. To the treatment of what animals does Whitefield compare the treatment of slaves by their southern masters? Whitefield compares the treatment of slaves to the treatment of dogs; he explained that dogs were even treated better than the slaves because they were fondled at the table while the slaves are perpetually referred to as dogs and beasts (Games, 2007).

3. What has been Whitefield’s reaction to seeing the beautiful landscape of the southern farms and plantations? (pg. 14)

Whitefield shines a spotlight on the opulence enjoyed by slave owners. He mentions the existence of spacious houses, and the fact that slave owners fair sumptuously in their abodes whereas the slaves live in dingy huts and lack basic necessities such as proper food and raiment.

4. Why, according to Whitefield, are many masters keeping their slaves ignorant of Christianity?

Whitefield quotes the Scripture which says, “Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn.” Does God take care of oxen? He stresses the view that if Oxen deserve fair treatment according to the scriptures, then by the virtue of being human, the negroes, at the very least, should be treated with compassion and care (Games, 2007).

5. What, according to Whitefield, has recently happened in South Carolina, a sign of God’s displeasure with them?

Whitefield opines that treating the negroes as second-class citizens has equally been to the detriment of many white people have been destroyed one way or another through their associations with negroes; also, he explains that thousands of pounds spent on ventures with little return on investments due to the strained relationships between the whites and the negroes (Games, 2007).


A. L., D. (1966). The Noble Savage Convention as Epitomized in John Lawson’s: “A New Voyage to Carolina”. The North Carolina Historical Review, (4), 413.

Bacon, N. (2017). Declaration in the name of the people. Declaration in The Name of the People, 1.

Dahlberg, S. L. (2012). ” Doe Not Forget Me”: Richard Frethorne, Indentured Servitude, and the English Poor Law of 1601. Early American Literature, 47(1), 1-30.

Games, G. (2007). George Whitefield (1714-1770). Slavery In The United States: A Social, Political, And Historical Encyclopedia,