Improving family relationships to reduce crime rates (Rough Draft)

Melva B Parker

William Verronne

8/16/18

Improving family relationships to reduce crime rates (Rough Draft)

The scholarly evidence shows that family structure impacts on the crime rate in the society. Research shows that the lack of the capacity to be responsible parents when bringing up their children is a major cause of the explosion of crime in the society. Problems with guidance and love during the early stages of development have adverse social consequences for the community and children. Family instability is a major cause of violence in the society (Ahangaran & Dehpahlavani, 2014). Therefore, addressing the root cause of crime in the society should involve improving family relationships. Promoting desirable family relationships plays a significant role in reducing crime rates in the society. This paper seeks to argue that improving family relationships helps to reduce the rate of crime in the society.

The quality of the relationship between parents and children plays a significant role in the tendency of children to engage in criminal activities. Quality parent-child relationship enhances the learning of taking control over oppositional, impulsive, and aggressive behaviors (Piquero, Farrington, Welsh, Tremblay, & Jennings, 2008). This helps in the reduction of disruptive behaviors and the long-term adverse effects on social integration. Quality relationships between children and parents foster attunement, which is a set of complex and dynamic patterns of sensitive mutual understanding between the child and the parent (Farber, 2016). This is an important quality in preventing future aggression that may lead to the engagement in violent and criminal activities.

Improving family relationships helps in preventing breakups in marriage, thus allowing children to benefit from the role of the mother and the father, which helps prevent future engagement in crime. Marriage breakup increases the risk of juvenile delinquent because children are left with emotional pain, which influences tobacco use, physical fighting, and weapon carrying. However, with improved family relationships, children stay with their parents who inculcate the desired values and morals. The father and the mother both play significant, but different roles in the development of the attitude and character of the child. Research shows that positive relationships between the father and the child reduce the risk of arrest for adolescents, join a gang, and steal or damage property (Farber, 2016). Research also shows that improved relationship between a young man and the mother may influence him to turn away from crime.

Quality family relationships play an essential role in rehabilitating and reintegrating violent extremists. Family serves as a pull factor in influencing violent extremists to disengage from violent and criminal activities. Families contribute allot to the success of rehabilitation and reintegration efforts. An individual’s commitment to the family due to improved family relationships is among the significant motives that influence one to disengage from crime and violent extremism (Global Counterterrorism Forum, 2017). Family connections are an important factor in facilitating desirable outcomes and developing cognitive openings that help former violent extremists to reassess their continued engagement in violent extremism. Improved family relationships are, therefore, among the most effective buffers against the involvement in a crime.

A section of scholarly evidence shows that improving family relationships may not be a sufficient solution for reducing crime rates in the society. There are other important factors that influence the level of crime in the society, including poverty, unemployment, political instability, and the design of buildings and streets. For crime rates to be reduced in the society, employment opportunities should be created for the young people to make them productive, strategies to reduce poverty should be developed and implemented, and political stability should be promoted. Additionally, buildings and streets should be designed in a way that does not create opportunities to engage in crime (Marzbali, Abdullah, Razak, & Tilaki, 2011). However, although there are other strategies that should be implemented to reduce crime rates in the society, improving family relationships is the most effective approach because it helps avoid the desire to engage in crime at an early stage.

In conclusion, improving family relationships plays a significant role in reducing crime rates in the society. Improved family relationships help in inculcating morals that prevent disruptive behaviors, preventing marriage breakup, which allows children to benefit from the role of both the mother and the father, and rehabilitating and reintegrating violent extremists. Although other factors influence the reduction of crime rates in the society, such as creating employment opportunities, improving building and street design, reducing poverty, and promoting political stability, improving family relationships is the single most important requirement. There is a need for additional research to rank the contribution of the above factors in reducing crime rates.

References

Ahangaran, M. R., & Dehpahlavani, M. (2014). The Role of Family in Abnormality and Crime in Children with a Case Study. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2(4), 86-94.

Farber, N. (2016, April 10). 10 Things to Know About Parent-Child Relationships. Retrieved August 12, 2018, from Psychology Today: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-blame-game/201604/10-things-know-about-parent-child-relationships

Global Counterterrorism Forum. (2017). The Role of Families in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism: Strategic Recommendations and Programming Options. Retrieved August 12, 2018, from https://www.thegctf.org/Portals/1/Documents/Toolkit-documents/English-The-Role-of-Familes-in-PCVE.pdf

Marzbali, M. H., Abdullah, A., Razak, N. A., & Tilaki, M. J. (2011). A Review of the Effectiveness of Crime Prevention by Design Approaches towards Sustainable Development. Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(1), 160-172.

Piquero, A. R., Farrington, D. P., Welsh, B. C., Tremblay, R., & Jennings, W. G. (2008). Effects of Early Family/Parent Training Programs on Antisocial Behavior & Delinquency: A Systematic Review. Stockholm: Swedish Council for Crime Prevention, Information and publications.

Feedback Reflection

The feedback I received from my instructor required me to improve make my thesis statement strong and ensure that points provided in the outline include supporting points. To improve my draft, I reframed the thesis statement to ensure that it helped the reader to understand and expect the content of the paper. This included taking a position by states that improved family relationships would foster the reduction of crime rates in the community. I also added supporting points to ensure that each point contained adequate information to help the reader relate to the thesis statement and influence desired actions. The feedback will help me with my future writing by ensuring that every paper contains a strong and accurate statement and each of the points discussed in the paper is supported by related points.