Innovation? Experimentation? Challenge?

Egypt, Karnak, Colossal Akhenaton from Temple of Aton, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, 1353 BCE

Thutmose, Bust of Nefertiti from artist’s workshop at tell el-Amarna, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, 1353 BCE

Breaking the pattern

Mesopotamia, Uruk, Warka Vase, 3200 BCE

Mesopotamia, Stele of Naram-Sin, 2254 BCE

The Minoan Discovery of the Landscape


Aegean and Crete and Minoans

Aegean Sea

Crete, Knossos, palace structure?, 1370 BCE

Greeks and the memory of the Minoan World – Minos, Minotaur, Labyrinth, Knossos

Knossos, reality and reconstruction

Crete, Knossos, palace? remains, 1370 BCE

Crete, Knossos reconstructions – Sir Arthur Evans, early 20th C. CE

What do we know – Linear A and B, the Greek stories of Theseus, the Egyptian New Kingdom tomb paintings, the archaeology

The composition of Knossos and the archaeological findings

Crete, Knossos and the landscape

Crete, Knossos, palace? parts – courtyard, large halls, small spaces,

Landscape and meaning versus function and purpose. An urban world? Made rich how?

Knossos, creation of the public , ceremonial space

Reconstruction of palace? At Knossos

Reconstruction of the ceremonial west side, roles of staircases, balconies, and single columns

Knossos, palace? main courtyard

Reconstruction of the courtyard

Crete, Knossos, palace? decoration Bull-leaping fresco, 1500 BCE

Knossos, palace? creation of small, intimate spaces

“Throne or Libation” Room, west side, 1370 BCE

Eastside stair, light, and air well, 1370 BCE

Role of light, response to climate, the limitations of building materials, columns

Knossos, the role of movement

Crete, palace? at Knossos, interior decoration east side, Dolphin fresco, 15th C BCE?

Crete, Palaikastro, palace? Marine-style octopus vase, 150 BCE