Literature Evaluation Table

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Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name:

Change Topic (2-3 sentences): Patients, who suffer from obesity (BMI of more than 30) undertaking nutritional education, diet and exercise in comparison to not taking nutritional education, diet, and exercise, can have improved health outcomes in terms of overall weight loss in a year’s time limit.

Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Article 4
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Sahoo, K., Sahoo, B., Choudhury, A. K., Sofi, N. Y., Kumar, R., & Bhadoria, A. S., Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4408699/ Ayer, J., Charakida, M., Deanfield, J. E., & Celermajer, D. S., European Heart Journal, https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/article/36/22/1371/2293298 Oelscher, D. M., Butte, N. F., Barlow, S., Vandewater, E. A., Sharma, S. V., Huang, T., … & Oluyomi, A. O., Childhood Obesity., https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/chi.2014.0084 Xu, S., & Xue, Y., Experiemental and Therapeutic Medicine, https://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/etm.2015.2853?text=abstract
Article Title and Year Published Childhood obesity: causes and consequences (2015) Lifetime risk: childhood obesity and cardiovascular risk (2015) Incorporating primary and secondary prevention approaches to address childhood obesity prevention and treatment in a low-income, ethnically diverse population: study design and demographic data from the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD) study (2015) Pediatric obesity: Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment.
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study The purpose of this article was to evaluate the causes and effects of childhood obesity. This review links literature investigating the effects of childhood obesity to lifetime risks for cardiovascular illnesses. The researchers hypothesize that a systems oriented approach can work better than a primary prevention approach to reduce the BMI scores of children from low income and ethnically diverse backgrounds. This article aims at investigating the causes, effects, and effective prevention strategies for childhood obesity.
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative) Literature Review Systematic Review Randomized controlled trial Systematic Review
Setting/Sample Literatures reviewed were set in different types of settings. The study includes primary studies that connect childhood obesity to cardiovascular disease. 576 children between 2 and 12 years in Texas. Scholarly articles on childhood obesity
Methods: Intervention/Instruments Literature review of various research sources. Systematic review using a thematic technique. Quantitative evaluation of the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD). Review of literature
Analysis Includes an analysis of scholarly researches Articles were analyzed in themes. SAS mixed methods procedure used to evaluate the collected data Literature was evaluated in themes.
Key Findings Obesity is caused by children’s diets, activity levels, environmental factors, and family factors. Obesity in childhood increases chances of having cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Childhood obesity rates in the low income and ethnically diverse communities exceed national values; a two-tier systems approach is more effective in preventing obesity in these communities than primary prevention techniques. Childhood obesity has genetic, environmental, and lifestyle causes and can have an influence on the physical and psychological health of the affected individuals.
Recommendations Government intervention to create policies for improving conditions that increase childhood obesity risks. Authors recommend that future studies investigate the connection between childhood weight issues and increased risk of cardiovascular illnesses. Concerned parties approach childhood obesity from a systems approach. Authors recommend various lifestyle changes as a way of reducing the risk of pediatric obesity.
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project This article provides sufficient background information on the causes and effects of childhood obesity. This study supports the argument that childhood obesity affects the cardiovascular system negatively hence emphasizing it as a public health issue. It demonstrates the differences in childhood obesity rates between communities and suggests techniques for dealing with the inconsistency between communities. Article creates a clear explanation of the range of causes and effects of obesity in children. It also recommends mitigation strategies to reduce risks and help affected children.

Criteria Article 5 Article 6 Article 7 Article 8
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Allender, S., Millar, L., Hovmand, P., Bell, C., Moodie, M., Carter, R., … & Orellana, L., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/11/1143/htm Simmonds, M., Llewellyn, A., Owen, C. G., & Woolacott, N., Obesity Reviews, http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/94942/1/Simmonds_et_al_2015_Obesity_Reviews.pdf GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators., New England Journal of Medicine. https://europepmc.org/articles/pmc5477817 Davis, R. E., Cole, S. M., Blake, C. E., McKenney-Shubert, S. J., & Peterson, K. E., Apetite, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5533082/
Article Title and Year Published Whole of systems trial of prevention strategies for childhood obesity: WHO STOPS childhood obesity. (2016) Predicting adult obesity from childhood obesity: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. (2015)

Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years. (2016)

Eat, play, view, sleep: Exploring Mexican American mothers’ perceptions of decision making for four behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk. (2016)
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study This article aims at investigating the impact of community actions towards childhood obesity and strengthen action towards the prevention of obesity in children. To determine the risk of adulthood obesity from childhood obesity To determine the trends and disease burden of childhood obesity across the world. To investigate the effects of parents’ perceptions of obesity risk factors to the children’s weight.
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative) Randomized Control Trial Meta-analysis and systematic review Quantitative research Quantitative research
Setting/Sample 5050 children from 84 primary schools 15 cohort studies with 200,777 participants in total 67.8 million people from 125 countries 40 Mexican American mothers
Methods: Intervention/Instruments Survey method, trial group subjected to the experiment and both groups examined for impacts. BMI was the only measure of obesity used in the evaluated articles. Quantitative analysis Survey method
Analysis Social network analysis Meta-analysis Statistical analysis of the population attributional fraction for each country Quantitative ratings of the collected survey results
Key Findings Systems science as the best way of identifying and addressing the complex and dynamic causes of obesity. Obese children have a 70% chance of being obese in adulthood. Obesity affects a majority of the countries it has doubled in rate since 1980s. Parents’ perceptions affect decision making about children hence, contributes to their weight
Recommendations Childhood obesity should be approached using a systems method rather than addressing individual cases. New studies need to investigate the effect of childhood obesity on weight-related morbidities in adulthood. Childhood obesity be addressed as a global public health problem. Education of parents is an effective strategy of dealing with obesity in children
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone This contributes to understanding the appropriate approaches of dealing with childhood obesity. This article confirms that childhood obesity risks can be extended to adulthood. This article explains the extent of the obesity public health problem. This article recommends an effective strategy of dealing with this public health problem.

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