What can we do?
Qualitative data analysis:
What to prepare?
Keep in mind: Data analysis is data reduction!!!
Use appropriate tools: transcripts for oral conversations, notebooks/cards for analysis thoughts, etc
Transcript printout should have margins for notes (two sets of the originals)
Notebooks/cards should have the flexibility of re-organizations
Always have a pen/pencil ready (a writing tool and writing surface)
Read your data: jot down notes
Develop codes: codes are the labels that you use to reduce the data, using abbreviations would help or color coded
Further summarize through general codes
Codes could be descriptive but not too descriptive!
Continuing the hard work
Reduce the codes to themes, patterns that speak something meaningful to you according to your theories and research questions
Saturation: when no new evidence in data shows up for new themes
Organizing and visually viewing the themes, using graphs, charts to represent the relations of the components
The cyclical procedure
It takes multiple readings of the data
It takes multiple coding efforts
Use your note-jotting skills profusely!!!
Use theories as the contexts in which to interpret your results