Running head: THE 1964 CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 1
THE 1964 CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 5
Week 3 Final Research Paper Outline
POL201 American National Government
Professor Mark Ladd
August 26, 2018
The 1964 civil rights movement
The 1964 Civil Rights Movement is remembered by Americans due to the political upheaval and controversies that surrounded the event. It is also a turnaround in the history and legislation in America. The Civil Rights Movement is responsible for the giving rights to the minorities such as African Americans as well as other vulnerable groups such as women (Weisbrot, 1990). It ended segregation in public places and brought an end to the discrimination in the employment sector. Besides that, it had other effects on other movements that would come later such as the feminist movements inherent in the 1970 and 1980 America.
2. Thesis statement
In order to understand the 1964 civil rights movement in its totality, this paper seeks to come up with a succinct explanation of the events leading up to it, legislation process in the congress, portrayal by the media and the post 1964 Civil Rights Movement America.
3. The historical and Constitutional basis of American Government’s structure and it relates to the 1964 civil rights movement
i. Social, political and legislative needs leading up to the 1964 civil rights movement.
African American communities, women and other minorities such as the aboriginal people suffered lack of opportunity and privilege before the policy. This denied them chances of ever achieving the American dream that was some years old then (Whalen, & Whalen, 1989). This is what led to the realization of the need to fight for equal rights in the land they all worked for. The congress was also on pressure to enact a policy that would solve the political upheaval and tensions around the African Americans and other majority groups.
ii. Movement of the policy through the congress.
J.F Kennedy then the president of United States was determined to see the civil rights movement through the congress. However, his assassination in Dallas, Texas, saw the new President Lyndon B. Johnson assent to power. Although this movement was strongly opposed by members of the congress from south, the new president signed it as a statute.
4. How the policy is involved within the process of checks and balances.
i. Effects of the policy in creating checks and balances later.
The movement forbade the use of state and foreign funds in discriminatory programs. Besides that, the law enhanced freedom and barred the use of racial, cultural, religious and ethnical background of an individual in offering opportunities (Lindgreen, Swaen, & Johnston, 2009). The movement led to the abolition of racial segregation in public places such as the courthouses, schools, and even shopping centers.
ii. Legacy left by the policy
The civil rights movement brought forth equality for all the groups in the United States. Besides that, it later expanded and included the disabled and other vulnerable groups such as women, children and the elderly by granting them freedom (Albareda, Lozano, Tencati, Midttun, & Perrini, 2008). It paved way for the voting rights act and even the housing act.
5. How the policy relates to public policy and elections and how the policy is portrayed by the media.
i. How the civil rights movement of 1964 changed the view on politics.
The civil rights movement led to freedom politically. This is evident by the fact that some few years later, it led to robust investigation and judiciary processes (Tonry, 2009). This is also evident by the Watergate scandal that led to the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in the early 1970s. The Civil Rights Movement also inherently gave the media freedom and an active part in politics.
ii. Other policies and movements fueled by the civil rights movement.
The Civil Rights Movement was just like a genesis of movements and policies that would grant absolute legislative freedom to Americans. It fueled the feminist movements inherent in the 1970 and 1980s America. It also enabled a robust development in the IT industry.
6. Effects of the policy on voting and election process
i. How the policy granted women the right to vote
The policy led to other legislation and acts such as women rights to vote. This is evident by the 1965 voting rights act and other follow up laws. Such laws aimed at granting absolute democracy by ensuring the fidelity of the ballot box and rights to choose leaders.
ii. How the policy affected the election process
The policy barred the use of poll taxes especially for presidential elections in order to bar people from expressing their views (Bertot, Jaeger, & Hansen, 2012). Besides that, the elections act of 1965 which goes hand in hand with the civil rights movement of 1964 led to reform in the election laws.
Understanding of The Civil Rights Movement of 1964 needs a deeper analysis of the events surrounding it. This typically means digging into the events that led to it, its process in the congress and the effects that was brought about by the movement.
Albareda, L., Lozano, J. M., Tencati, A., Midttun, A., & Perrini, F. (2008). The changing role of governments in corporate social responsibility: drivers and responses. Business ethics: a European review, 17(4), 347-363.
Bertot, J. C., Jaeger, P. T., & Hansen, D. (2012). The impact of polices on government social media usage: Issues, challenges, and recommendations. Government information quarterly, 29(1), 30-40.
Lindgreen, A., Swain, V., & Johnston, W. J. (2009). Corporate social responsibility: An empirical investigation of US organizations. Journal of business ethics, 85(2), 303-323.
Tonry, M. (2009). Explanations of American punishment policies: A national history. Punishment & Society, 11(3), 377-394.
Weisbrot, R. (1990). Freedom bound: A history of America’s civil rights movement. EP Dutton.
Whalen, C., & Whalen, B. (1989). The longest debate: A legislative history of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Seven Locks Press.