Title: How culture demanded the use of certain materials in the late 1800’s thru early 1900’s.: Reviewing Andrew Carnegie’s life as proof.

Thesis Andrew Carnegie was the first person to use steel to build a railroad bridge across the Mississippi river. He later built steel mills to provide steel to the railroads for new rails. After a depression in the railroad business, he was saved by the development of the steel framed skyscraper.

I.                 Intro:

A.    Thesis: Andrew Carnegie was the first person to use steel to build a railroad bridge across the Mississippi river. He later built steel mills to provide steel to the railroads for new rails. After a depression in the railroad business, he was saved by the development of the steel framed skyscraper.

II.               Carving Out a Nation; Andrew Carnegie: The King of Steel

A.    Carnegie’s business mantras: “Capitalism is about turning luxuries into necessities”

B.    Carnegie set himself to make better steel, more quickly and more cheaply than anyone else

C.    Carnegie had a near-evangelical view of steel

III.            Shaping our cities based on needs

A.    Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. I would like to research how these designs have shaped our thinking and changed the way we grow our cities.

B.    By 1873, Americans were producing 115,000 tons of steel rail a year. By 1880 America manufactured 1.25 million tons of steel a year. By 1890 she made over 10 million tons.

C.    This rapid growth caused cities to have a lack of housing and thus overcrowded housing, unsanitary conditions, polluted water, easy dispersion of disease, increased crime rate, and fires from the new housing being made of wood and the use of kerosene heaters

IV.            Industrialization and Urbanization in the United States

A.    The years of industrialization after the Civil War brought significant changes to American society.

B.    The country became increasingly urban, and cities grew not only in terms of population but also in size, with skyscrapers pushing cities upward and new transportation systems extending them outward

C. Part of the urban population growth was fueled by an unprecedented mass immigration to the United States

V.              Conclusion

A.    The expansion of the American railroad, the reality that steel was much stronger then Iron and the newly rise of immigrants from all over the world demanded we build, build. The railways went further and the steel high rises went higher, all demanding steel, and the king of steel Andrew Carnegie to prosper and spread his wings. Culture set the stage and Carnegie had the performance of a lifetime.