urban planning paper

 

Septe

1. O dea sign deve

Ever rece worl most revea miles the l in old and o perce fifty p

2. Th dea and

Fig

ember 2014

Old-age de ths worldw ificant m elopment.

ryone aspir ently fewer

d survived t recent rev als that the stone: due to ast fifty year d-age, define older per 100 entage point per cent in 20

he increas ths reflects less develo gure 1. Increas

dev

eaths acco wide in 2 milestone

res to live than half o to their 65t ision of Wo

e world rece o improveme rs, the perce ed as the nu 0 total death ts: from 22 005-2010 wo

e in the p significant oped regio se of the perce velopment gro

Living ounted for

2005-2010, of soc

to old ag f all people h birthday. rld Populatio

ently passed ents in life-ex entage of dea umber of dea s at all ages per cent in

orldwide.

percentage t progress in ns entage of old‐a up, 1950‐2010

g to old r half of a

marking cioeconomi

ge but unt e born in th However, th on Prospect

d a significa xpectancy ov aths occurrin aths at age 6 , increased 2 1950-1955

e of old-ag n both mor

age death by  0

 

d age: all a ic

til he he s1 nt er ng 65 28 to

ge re

The b death the s (Figur signifi increa respe

3. Wo old-a of ch

Dividi 64), a of m points in 200 perce to the child-a reduc Nation

Figure

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

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: A new Septem

biggest incr hs occurred smallest in re 1). Ne cant increas

ases were a ctively.

orldwide th age deaths ild-age dea

ing ages int and old-age

mid-age dea s: from 38 p 05-2010 (Fig ntage point i

e decline of c age death ing child mo ns Millennium

e 2. Percentag 64) an

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19 53

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w worl mber 2014 N

POPFACT

rease in the in the less

n the least evertheless ses, and th

about 30 an

he increase was due m aths.

to child-age (65+), it sho

aths change per cent in 1 gure 2). In ot ncrease in F child-age de

is commu rtality is the f m Developme

ge of deaths at nd old‐age (65+

19 68

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19 78

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ld norm No. 2014/5

TS, No. 2014/5

e percentage developed r t developed all regions

he largest a d 10 percen

e in the per mainly to th

(0-4 years), ows that the ed only 2 1950-1955 to ther words, a

Figure 1, 26 w eaths. The m unicable dis fourth target ent Goals.

t child‐age (0‐4 +) of the world

19 88

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19 98

20 03

m

1 5

e of old-age regions, and d countries experienced

and smalles ntage points

rcentage o e reduction

, mid-age (5 e percentage

percentage o 36 per cen among the 28 was attributed main cause o seases; and of the United

4), mid‐age (5‐ d

20 03

20 08

65+ 5‐‐6 0‐‐4

 

 

e d s d st s,

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5- e e t 8 d of d d

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4. T perc deve of c the the mor

F co

For perc from 2005 preva

Note: T

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

100

POPFACTS

The main centage o eloped reg

child-age d world. But least deve e develope

Figure 3. Perce ountries (LDC),

d

the least centage of m 34 per ce 5-2010. The alence of HIV

The boundaries on

0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%

S, No. 2014/5

reason of of old-age gions (LDR), deaths, whi the main re eloped co ed regions

entage of deat , less develope developed reg

developed mid-age de

ent in 1950- main cause

V/AIDS.

n this map do not i

f the incre deaths, f , was also ich is simila eason was untries (LD (MDR) (Figu

hs of the least ed regions (LDR gions (MDR)

d countries aths increa -1955 to 40 e of the incr

Figure 4. Per

imply official endo

ease in th for the les the declin ar to that o different fo

DC) and th ure 3).

t developed  R), and more

(LDC), th ased notably 0 per cent rease was th

rcentage of old

orsement or accept

65+

5‐‐6

0‐‐4

he ss

ne of or

he

he y: in he

For perce from 2005- perce non-c of chi per ce

5. Alt reach differs In 20 perce Greec perce Congo

6. Alt death accu ages More annua and s regist countr scatte condu child d well, c age d tables

1Source 2012 re

d‐age deaths b

tance by the Unite

+

64

4

the more entage of m

34 per cen -2010. The ntage of mi ommunicable ld-age death

ent in 2005-2

though the hed 50 per rs remarkab 005-2010, th ntages were

ce (85%); wh ntages were o (13%), Cha

though old- hs worldwid

urate than th . specifically

ally availabl some develo tration and ries, old-age

ered years ucted. For th death rates, could be esti death rates s.

e of data: Unite evision (available

by country, 200

ed Nations.

developed mid-age de nt in 1950-1 main cause id-age death e diseases. M hs reached t 2010.

percentage cent in 200 bly between he three cou e Italy (86% hile the three e the Dem ad (12%), an

-age death de, their est he estimate

y, reliable o le only for m oping count d census. e death rat

when re he rest of th

and sometim imated from are then in

_____________

NOTE ed Nations (201 e from www.unpo

05‐2010

Septem

d regions aths declin 1955 to 25

of the dec hs was the Moreover, th the level of

e of old-ag 05-2010 wor n countries untries with

%), Sweden e nations wi ocratic Rep

nd Angola (11

hs reached timates are es of deaths

old-age dea more develo tries with ac

For some es may be

eliable cens he world, on mes adult de sample surv nferred usin

_______

S 13). World Popu opulation.org).

mber 2014

(MDR), the ned notably

per cent in crease of the

reduction o e percentage lower than

ge deaths rldwide, it

s (Figure 4). the highes (86%), and

th the lowes public of the 1%).

half of all e less

s at other

ath rates are oped nations ccurate vita

e developing obtained in

suses were nly infant and eath rates as

veys; and old g model life

ulation Prospect

 

e y: n e

of e 1

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